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How do you cite an interview?

This page reflects guidance from the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.


An interview is not considered recoverable data, so no reference to this is provided in the reference list. You may, however, cite the interview within the text as a personal communication.


  • (J. Smith, personal communication, August 15, 2009)
  • J. Smith (personal communication, August 15, 2009)

For examples of how to cite an interview you've read, see the APA Style blog.

(adapted from the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual, © 2010)

Last updated: August 2020Date created: May 2009
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