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In referencing periodicals, what’s the difference between using p. or pp. for page numbers?

This page reflects guidance from the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.

Go to 7th edition guidelines


If a periodical includes a volume number, italicize it and then change to regular type and give the page range without pp.

If the periodical does not use volume numbers, include pp. before the page numbers so the reader will understand that the numbers refer to pagination.

Use p. if the source is a page or less long. For example, precede page numbers for newspaper articles and book chapters with p. or pp.

(adapted from the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual, © 2010)

Last updated: August 2020Date created: May 2009
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