Displaying Your Findings: A Practical Guide for Creating Figures, Posters and Presentations, Sixth Edition, offers readers essential guidance on creating figures that effectively present their findings. Figure examples have been updated to reflect reporting standards and graphics presentation outlined in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Included in this revised edition are tips and tricks for designing figures as well as numerous examples of figures that accompany fictional studies. Chapters cover figures commonly used in psychology and other behavioral science journals, such as bar graphs, line graphs, plots, charts, and photographs. Explanatory bubbles accompanying each figure highlight important points about presentation. Quick-reference checklists for both figures in general and specific types of figures summarize important points to help readers save time in deciding on the best way to present figures.

In addition to providing guidelines and examples of common figures, the book also includes chapters on how to present conference posters and presentations. Every student, researcher, and presenter should have this book shelved next to Presenting Your Findings: A Practical Guide for Creating Tables, Sixth Edition, and the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual. This definitive resource for creating figures and presentations will help ensure every visual display of data is accurate and effective.

Table of Contents


  1. Introduction
  2. Bar Graphs
  3. Histograms
  4. Line Graphs
  5. Plots
  6. Drawings
  7. Combination Graphs
  8. Pie Graphs
  9. Dendrograms
  10. Stem-and-Leaf Plots
  11. Charts
  12. Photographs
  13. Posters
  14. Visuals for Presentations


About the Authors

Author Bios

Adelheid A. M. Nicol, PhD, received her doctorate in industrial/organizational psychology from the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, in 1999. She is an associate professor in the Military Psychology and Leadership Department at the Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Her current research interests are in the area of prejudice and industrial/organizational psychology. She teaches courses in English and in French in cross-cultural psychology, industrial psychology, organizational psychology, personality, research methods, and social psychology.

Penny M. Pexman, PhD, earned her doctorate in psychology from the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, in 1998. She is now a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. In her research, she examines several aspects of language processing in adults and in children, including word recognition processes and figurative language understanding. She is an award-winning teacher and graduate supervisor.