View the supplemental resources for the Publication Manual. The content is organized by chapter as an easily navigable guide to help make your papers more accurate, accessible, and inclusive.
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style.
With millions of copies sold worldwide in multiple languages, it is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields.
Known for its authoritative, easy-to-use reference and citation system, the Publication Manual also offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures, language, and tone that will result in powerful, concise, and elegant scholarly communication. It guides users through the scholarly writing process — from the ethics of authorship to reporting research through publication.
The seventh edition is an indispensable resource for students and professionals to achieve excellence in writing and make an impact with their work.
List of Tables and Figures
Editorial Staff and Contributors
1. Scholarly Writing and Publishing Principles
Types of Articles and Papers
Ethical, Legal, and Professional Standards in Publishing
Ensuring the Accuracy of Scientific Findings
Protecting the Rights and Welfare of Research Participants and Subjects
Protecting Intellectual Property Rights
2. Paper Elements and Format
3. Journal Article Reporting Standards
Overview of Reporting Standards
Common Reporting Standards Across Research Designs
Reporting Standards for Quantitative Research
Reporting Standards for Qualitative Research
Reporting Standards for Mixed Methods Research
4. Writing Style and Grammar
Effective Scholarly Writing
Continuity and Flow
Conciseness and Clarity
Grammar and Usage
Strategies to Improve Your Writing
5. Bias-Free Language Guidelines
General Guidelines for Reducing Bias
Reducing Bias by Topic
6. Mechanics of Style
Statistical and Mathematical Copy
Presentation of Equations
7. Tables and Figures
General Guidelines for Tables and Figures
8. Works Credited in the Text
General Guidelines for Citation
Works Requiring Special Approaches to Citation
Paraphrases and Quotations
9. Reference List
Principles of Reference List Entries
Reference List Format and Order
10. Reference Examples
Data Sets, Software, and Tests
11. Legal References
General Guidelines for Legal References
Legal Reference Examples
12. Publication Process
Preparing for Publication
Understanding the Editorial Publication Process
Copyright and Permission Guidelines
During and After Publication
Credits for Adapted Tables, Figures, and Papers
Benjamin Franklin Award
2021 Gold Winner, Professional and Technical category
—Independent Book Publishers Association
Widely followed style guide for academic papers.
—The Wall Street Journal
Many students look upon citation writing with a shudder, but proper citing is vital to good scholarship. Here a team of style and publication experts covers APA-style grammar and format, which is used by scientific journals and in many graduate and undergraduate classes. The volume also tackles big-picture issues including copyright, plagiarism, the publication process, and predatory journals. Taking on everything from tables and figures to bias-free language, this is a clear guide to APA style.
I strongly encourage you to dig into the rich resource of the 7th Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. I am thoroughly energized about the ways this guide can push language forward.
—American Library Association’s Rainbow Round Table
An endorsement from the APA is a big deal for the singular “they.” The APA is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with over 118,000 members. The Publican Manual is used by all writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in a wide variety of disciplines, so this clarification has the potential to significantly expand the use of inclusive language.
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) has gone through it’s first update in a decade. One of the major changes in this seventh edition is a full embracing of the singular ‘they’ pronoun...This full acceptance in the APA style guide is major. And wonderful.
Gather round, style hounds: the seventh edition of the American Psychological Association's Publication Manual...includes some (pretty) significant changes.
—Inside Higher Education
One of the most popular guides for academic writing standards across the curriculum. For many editors, faculty, and students, this means mastering new rules in short order...all appearances indicate that the changes will be mostly user-friendly...The worst thing about change is often the unknown. This quick glimpse at what the APA has in store offers encouraging news about the road ahead.
All formats are in full color, including the new tabbed spiral-bound version.
Easy to Navigate
Improved ease of navigation, with many additional numbered sections to help users quickly locate answers to their questions.
The Publication Manual (7th ed.) has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect best practices in scholarly writing and publishing.
New Student Resources
Resources for students on writing and formatting annotated bibliographies, response papers, and other paper types as well as guidelines on citing course materials.
Guidelines that support accessibility for all users, including simplified reference, in-text citation, and heading formats as well as additional font options.
Dedicated chapter for new users of APA Style covering paper elements and format, including sample papers for both professional authors and student writers.
Journal Article Reporting Standards
New chapter on journal article reporting standards that includes updates to reporting standards for quantitative research and the first-ever qualitative and mixed methods reporting standards in APA Style.
Bias-Free Language Guidelines
New chapter on bias-free language guidelines for writing about people with respect and inclusivity in areas including age, disability, gender, participation in research, race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality.
100+ Reference Examples
More than 100 new reference examples covering periodicals, books, audiovisual media, social media, webpages and websites, and legal resources.
40+ Sample Tables and Figures
More than 40 new sample tables and figures.
Expanded guidance on ethical writing and publishing practices, including how to ensure the appropriate level of citation, avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism, and navigate the publication process.
To learn more about what’s new, see the comparison of the sixth and seventh editions of the Publication Manual. For a chapter-by-chapter overview of new and expanded content in the seventh edition Publication Manual, see the “What’s New” guide (PDF, 1MB).