This page contains reference examples for online courses, including the following:

  1. Online course or massive open online course (MOOC)  
  2. Lecture from an online course or MOOC 

1. Online course or massive open online course (MOOC)

Jackson, M. O., Leyton-Brown, K., & Shoham, Y. (n.d.). Game theory [MOOC]. Coursera. https://www.coursera.org/learn/game-theory-1

  • Parenthetical citation: (Jackson et al., n.d.) 
  • Narrative citation: Jackson et al. (n.d.)
  • Online courses, including MOOCs, can be cited by providing the instructors, year of course creation (if known), title of the course, site that hosts the course, and URL.

2. Lecture from an online course or MOOC

Tangen, J. (2016). Episode 2: I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before [MOOC lecture]. In E. MacKenzie, J. Tangen, & M. Thompson, The science of everyday thinking. edX. https://www.edx.org/course/the-science-of-everyday-thinking

  • Parenthetical citation: (Tangen, 2016)
  • Narrative citation: Tangen (2016)
  • A lecture or other content from an online course or MOOC is cited similarly to a podcast episode, with the instructor for the lecture listed in the author element of the reference and the names of all course faculty in the editor position within the source element.
  • Provide a link that will resolve for readers. Because users must enroll in the course and then log in to access the lecture, the link in the reference leads to the main page for the course.

Online course or MOOC references follow the same format as audiovisual works, which are covered in Section 10.12 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition