This page contains a reference example for an open educational resource (OER).

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from


  • Parenthetical citation: (Fagan, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Fagan (2019)
  • Create a reference to an OER only when the materials are available for download directly (i.e., the materials are on the page and/or can be downloaded as PDFs or other files). If you are directed to another website, create a reference to the specific webpage on that website where the materials can be retrieved. Use this format for material in any OER repository, such as OER Commons, OASIS, or MERLOT.
  • Provide as specific a date as is available on the webpage. This might be a year only; a year and month; or a year, month, and day.
  • Italicize the title of a webpage.
  • When contents of a page are meant to be updated over time but are not archived, include a retrieval date in the reference.

Open educational resource references follow the same format as webpages, which are covered in Section 10.16 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition