This page contains reference examples for transcripts of audiovisual works, including the following:

  1. Speech transcript
  2. Podcast transcript
  3. Radio broadcast transcript

1. Speech transcript

Bryan, W. J. (2010). Against imperialism [Speech transcript]. American Rhetoric. (Original work published 1900)


  • Parenthetical citation: (Bryan, 1900/2010)
  • Narrative citation: Bryan (1900/2010)
  • Provide the name of the speaker as the author.
  • If the transcript and original work were published in different years (e.g., in the transcript of an old speech, as shown in the example), provide the year of the transcript in the main date element of the reference and the year of the original work in parentheses at the end of the reference.
  • Provide both years in the in-text citation, separated with a slash, the earlier year first.
  • Describe the type of transcript in square brackets (e.g., “[Speech transcript]”).
  • Provide the site name in the source element of the reference, followed by the URL of the transcript.
  • For an example reference to a speech’s audio recording, see Example 96 in the Publication Manual.

2. Podcast transcript

Cornish, A. (Host). (2017, May 17). This simple puzzle test sealed the fate of immigrants at Ellis Island [Audio podcast transcript]. In All things considered. NPR.

Vogt, P. J., & Goldman, A. (Hosts). (2019, June 27). Dark pattern (No. 144) [Audio podcast transcript]. In Reply all. Gimlet Media.


  • Parenthetical citations: (Cornish, 2017; Vogt & Goldman, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Cornish (2017) and Vogt and Goldman (2019)
  • The format for a podcast transcript is nearly the same as for a podcast episode (see Example 94 in the Publication Manual). The only difference is that the description after the transcript title is “[Audio podcast transcript]” rather than “[Audio podcast].”
  • Provide the name of the host of the podcast as the author and include their role in parentheses.
  • Provide the specific date of the podcast.
  • Provide the episode number after the title in parentheses. If the podcast does not number episodes, omit the number from the reference.
  • Provide the name of the site that published the transcript (in the examples, NPR and Gimlet Media) and the URL of the transcript.

3. Radio broadcast transcript

Mottram, L. (2020, January 8). Hazard reduction burning is not a panacea to bushfire risk: Expert [Radio broadcast transcript]. ABC.,-expert-says/11853280


  • Parenthetical citation: (Mottram, 2020)
  • Narrative citation: Mottram (2020)
  • The format for a radio broadcast transcript is nearly the same as for a radio broadcast. The only difference is that the description after the transcript title is “[Radio broadcast transcript]” rather than “[Radio broadcast].”
  • Provide the name of the announcer as the author.
  • Provide the full date of the radio broadcast.
  • Provide the title of the story in italics, followed by the description “[Radio broadcast transcript].”
  • Provide the name of the site that published the radio broadcast (in the example, ABC) and the URL of the broadcast. In the example, both the radio recording and the transcript are available from the same link, so that link appears in the reference.

Audiovisual transcript references are covered in Section 10.12 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition

Date created: February 2020