This page contains reference examples for white papers, including the following:

  1. White paper with a group author
  2. White paper with individual authors

1. White paper with a group author

Department for Business Innovation & Skills. (2016). Success as a knowledge economy: Teaching excellent, social mobility and student choice [White paper]. Crown.


  • Parenthetical citation: (Department for Business Innovation & Skills, 2016)
  • Narrative citation: Department for Business Innovation & Skills (2016)
  • A white paper is a persuasive document that is written by a person or group to convince readers of their position and philosophy on a topic.
  • Include the description “[White paper]” in square brackets after the title of the white paper.

2. White paper with individual authors

Furst, M., & DeMillo, R. A. (2006). Creating symphonic-thinking computer science graduates for an increasingly competitive global environment [White paper]. Georgia Tech College of Computing.


  • Parenthetical citation: (Furst & DeMillo, 2006)
  • Narrative citation: Furst and DeMillo (2006)

White paper references follow the same format as reports, which are covered in Section 10.4 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition

Date created: February 2020