This page contains reference examples for conference proceedings, including the following:

  1. Conference proceedings published in a journal 
  2. Conference proceedings published as a whole book  
  3. Conference proceedings published as a book chapter

1. Conference proceedings published in a journal

Duckworth, A. L., Quirk, A., Gallop, R., Hoyle, R. H., Kelly, D. R., & Matthews, M. D. (2019). Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1910510116

  • Parenthetical citation: (Duckworth et al., 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Duckworth et al. (2019)
  • Conference proceedings published in a journal follow the same format as journal articles.

2. Conference proceedings published as a whole book

Kushilevitz, E., & Malkin, T. (Eds.). (2016). Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 9562. Theory of cryptography. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49096-9

  • Parenthetical citation: (Kushilevitz & Malkin, 2016) 
  • Narrative citation: Kushilevitz and Malkin (2016)
  • Conference proceedings published as a whole book follow the same reference format as whole edited books.

3. Conference proceedings published as a book chapter

Bedenel, A.-L., Jourdan, L., & Biernacki, C. (2019). Probability estimation by an adapted genetic algorithm in web insurance. In R. Battiti, M. Brunato, I. Kotsireas, & P. Pardalos (Eds.), Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 11353. Learning and intelligent optimization (pp. 225–240). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05348-2_21

  • Parenthetical citation: (Bedenel et al., 2019) 
  • Narrative citation: Bedenel et al. (2019)
  • The format for conference proceedings published as an edited book chapter is the same as for edited book chapters.

Conference proceeding references are covered in Section 10.5 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition